Chapter 1- Setting Up
Making back-up copies
IBM PC and compatibles
Commodore Amiga
Atari ST
Chapter 2 - Controls
IBM PC Keyboard
Keyboard shortcuts
Chapter 3 - The Start-up screen
Chapter 4 - Vehicle Identification Screen
Chapter 5 - Battle Selection Screen
Chapter 6 - Vehicle & Ammunition Purchase Screen
Chapter 7 - The Briefing Screen
Chapter 8 - The Gameplay Screens
Quadrant Mode
Quadrant-3-d view
Map quadrant
Status quadrant
Full screen Mode
Full screen 3-d view
Full screen map view
Full screen status view
Chapter 9 - The De-briefing Screen
Chapter 10 - How to Play Pacific Islands
Chapter 11- Differences between Team Yankee
and Pacific Islands
Chapter 12 - Vehicle Types
M-1 Abrams Main battle tank
M-113 Armoured personnel carrier
M-2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle
M-901 Improved TOW vehicle (1TV)
T-62 Main battle tank
T-72 Main battle tank
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle
BTR-60 Armoured personnel carrier
Chapter 13 - Glossary
Chapter 14 - Training Scenario
Chapter 15 - NATO Military Symbols

Pacific Islands is the sequel to the highly successful Team
Yankee. In this game, you direct the fortunes of Team Pacific as you
attempt to recapture the pacific atoll of Yama Yama from enemy
hands. The overall layout of this product Is similar to that of its
predecessor. If you have already played Team Yankee then you will
find it quite simple to get started and feel in control of your tank
platoons. However, you will find a number of significant
Improvements and changes which mean that Pacific Islands is even
more challenging and rewarding to play. If you are not familiar with
Team Yankee, then you will find all the information you need in this
manual. If you enjoy this product, why not also consider playing its

In Pacific Islands you have control over the four tank units of
Team Pacific. Your aim is to recapture all of the battle areas of
each of the five islands in the Yama Yama atoll. Although islands
must be attacked in a sequential order, you have some latitude as to
the order in which each area of any island may be attacked. You will
be responsible for the funding of your campaign, insofar as you will
have to purchase ail of your vehicles and weapons. At the start of
each Individual battle you have the opportunity to purchase new
equipment. You are provided with funds at the start of the campaign,
and your performance in battle will determine whether or not any
more money Is forthcoming. If you are successful in recapturing
areas under enemy control, or you manage to destroy vital enemy
installations, then you will find yourself well in credit However,
if you buy the wrong equipment, or if you follow a policy of
shooting up everything in sight, then you will run Into financial

Pacific Islands provides a novel control system which allows you to
control all of your four tank units ' independently, and at the same
time. There are fully detailed battle maps, three dimensional views
of the battlefield updated in real time, and status reports on your
vehicles, ail available at any time. If you played Team Yankee you
will find that the scenarios are rather more complex - you will
often find that there are quite a few objectives and sub-objectives
to accomplish within the given time limits. Also, there are many new
types of objects and buildings, which are vital to your progress
throughout the game. You will have to destroy communications
facilities - satellite dishes, radio aerials, radar towers etc. - as
you come across them. Unless you do this successfully and swiftly,
then you will find that the enemy will have more and more
Information on your offensive, and will be able to meet your
challenge with greater strength.

We would like to stress that Pacific Islands is not intended to be
the most accurate tank simulator on the market. After all, it takes
many years to become a truly proficient tank commander, and we doubt
whether any of you would be willing to take that long to become
proficient at controlling this product Although we have tried to be
scrupulous in certain areas, so that the product is lent an air of
authenticity, we have made concessions in others. We recognize this,
but believe that In general our concessions have been made in tine
interests of game play, and getting tile product to you before the
end of the century. Pacific Islands and Team Yankee together
represent Some six man years of development. If the end result
offends the purist, then he/she will know that we have at least
tried our very best.

If you are to succeed in Pacific Islands you will need tactical
assurance, managerial flair and a good deal of courage and
persistence. We hope that you enjoy the end result as much we
enjoyed creating it for you.


Associated Press news story, 23 March: "The small Pacific atoll of
Yama Yama is believed to have been invaded late yesterday. It has
been suggested that a substantial force of disaffected Soviet
communists, with the backing of the North Korean government, are
responsible. There is as yet no confirmation from US intelligence
or official North Korean sources. No obvious motive for this
unprovoked attack has been suggested."

State Department press release, 25 March: "The attack by forces,
under the patronage of North Korea, on the independent state of Yama
Yama three days ago is a violation of international law. The United
States and the free world cannot allow such an act to go
unpunished. While the United States continues to pursue all
available means to resolve this issue peacefully, military options
are being considered."
United Nations press release, 26 March: "An all night meeting of
the United Nations security council passed a unanimous resolution
condemning the territorial violation of an associate state. The
council views such an act with the gravest concern and calls upon
North Korea to remove all allied forces immediately. The severest
sanctions will be applied unless such action is taken."

Associated Press news story, 27 March: "Intelligence sources close
to the White House have revealed that the atoll of Yama Yama has for
some years been a communications link for the early warning
monitoring system in the Pacific Ocean. This points to a clear
motive for the invasion by forces sympathetic to P'yongyang the
capital of North Korea). It seems likely that the United States may
be forced into early action to avoid secret communication equipment
getting into enemy hands."

Department of Defense press release, 28 March: "The destroyer U.S.
S. Charles Logan, while on patrol in international waters off the
atoll of Yama Yama, was attacked by North Korean cruisers this
morning. U.S. forces returned fire. Damage and casualties on
either side are not known at this time."

White House press release, 29 March: "In view of the current
crisis in the Pacific, and the lack of response from the North
Korean government, the President has issued a final request for an
immediate withdrawal of all alien forces from Yama Yama."

Television news story, 30 March: "We believe that the two ships of
the Pacific fleet closest to the Yama Yama atoll have been providing
transport for a number of tank units returning from the Gulf of
Persia. Intelligence analysts suggest that an offensive involving
some of these units would be highly unconventional, but would
probably provide the swiftest means of ejecting the North Koreans.
Intercepts have revealed that Yama Yama's communications facilities
are now entirely under enemy control. It is likely that any
offensive would destroy most of these."

Secret orders to Captain Sean Bannon, 31 March: "Tomorrow morning
at 09:15 hours your unit - Team Pacific � will spearhead the first
offensive to retake the atoll of Yama Yama. You will be landing on
the island of Aloha and there will be further detailed instructions
sent to you just prior to landing. This will be a highly unusual
campaign. As you are well aware, you would not find the use of tank
units to spearhead this sort of action in any military manual. We
are severely constrained by the need for swift action. You will
also be aware of recent Pentagon directives regarding the financing
of this type of operation. This means that you have unparalleled
control over the funding of your part in the offensive. You will
find that this places an even greater burden on your judgement. We
all know that this is an extremely tough mission. Please ensure that
your men understand this and that they are mentally and physically
prepared. We have created a specially designed training run for you
on a neighbouring island. Good luck."

Pacific Islands



Making a backup copy

Your game disks are unprotected, and so you are advised to make
working copies of the game before you play. Before you do this,
ensure that the game disks are write protected by either attaching
write protect strips (5.25" disk) or opening the write protect
notches (3.5" disk). Use your copies while playing the game
(ensuring that they are write enabled, since Information is written
to disk during play) and only use the original disks for making
further copies. If you are unsure how to copy a disk, read the
manual for your computer.

IBM PC and Compatibles

Pacific Islands will run on any PC compatible which has:
� 550k or more available memory � 3.5" or 5.25" disk drives;
� CGA, EGA, VGA or Tandy 16-color graphics adaptors;
� A version of MSDOS 2.0 or greater;
� Mouse (recommended) or joystick;
� An Adlib sound board (optional).

Insert your operating system disk and wait until you see the a>
prompt on your screen. This game will perform better if you reduce
to a minimum the amount of unnecessary software installed in your
computer. If you have difficulty loading the game, you may need to
reduce the number of files in your AUTOEXEC.BAT program. Now insert
your copy of disk 1 and type Pl. followed by ENTER (or RETURN).
After a few moments the loading sequence will commence. If you wish
to skip this at any time then press the space bar. Once the loading
sequence has finished you will be asked to insert disk 2, and then
you will be presented with a filing screen. Read about how to
proceed in Chapter 3.

Pacific Islands can be Installed onto the hard disk of your PC. To
do this place disk 1 into the internal drive (either A: or B:) and
type in the following line by line instructions. These instructions
will create a directory called Pl. on drive C: A: INSTALL C: Then
follow the on-screen instructions regarding when to swap disks. To
play the game type in:

c :

If you wish to install it on a different drive, then replace the C:
after the INSTALL command with the pathname of where you want it
installed, for example to install it in a directory d:\games\pi,


Commodore Amiga

Pacific Islands will run on any Amiga 500/500+/1000/2000 with a
minimum of 512k RAM and Kickstart version 1.2 or higher. Performance
will be enhanced if you disconnect all external disk drives and
peripherals and ensure that no other software is running. Turn on
your computer and insert your copy of Pacific Islands disk 1 at the
Workbench prompt. (A1000 users should insert their Kickstart disk
first.) After a few moments the loading sequence will commence. If
you wish to halt this at any time then hold down the left mouse
button. Once the loading sequence has finished you will be asked to
insert disk 2, and you will then be presented with a filing screen.
Read about how to proceed in Chapter 3. You can install Pacific
Islands by running the Install program on disk 1. The program will
ask you the name of your hard disk or the partition where you wish
to put the game. You will need at least 1.5 Megabytes of free memory
on your hard disk.

Atari ST

Pacific Islands will run on any Atari ST or STE system with
double-sided disk drives, a minimum of 512k RAM and a colour monitor.

Insert your copy of Disk 1 Into drive A and switch on the
computer. After a few moments the time sequence will commence. Once
the time sequence has finished, you will be asked to Insert disk 2.
You will then be presented with a filing screen. Read about how to
proceed in chapter 3.

You can install Pacific Islands onto a hard disk by running the
program INSTALL.PRG on Disk 1. Use the file selector box to select
where you want it to be installed. You will need at least 1.5
Megabytes of free space on your hard disk.

To play the game double click on the Pl.TOS icon or PACIFIC.TOS
icon to by-pass the time sequence.

Pacific Islands


The game is designed to run using keyboard, analogue Joystick or
Microsoft compatible mouse on the IBM PC. On the Atari ST and
Commodore Amiga, the game should be controlled with the mouse. In
the following documentation the phrases "click on icon X" and "press
fire with the pointer over icon X" are synonymous and should be
taken to mean either:

IBM PC keyboard

The default keys defined for direction are the CURSOR keys; the
SPACE BAR for fire [left mouse button] and ENTER for the right mouse
button. You may change these on the set-up screen K you wish. While
you are playing the game you can use the pre-defined keyboard
shortcuts listed below. Additionally, when the keyboard mode is in
use you can, at any time, hold down the ALT key and press any other
key on the keyboard. The position of the pointer will then be
memorised and associated with that key. This position can then be
recalled by holding down the CONTROL key and pressing the required
key. This allows you to define a cursor position for every key on
the keyboard. if you wish Keyboard Shortcuts Using certain keyboard
shortcuts instead of directly using the (for all machines) pointer
can become a quick way to perform certain actions

Key Action
F1 or 1 Chose Platoon 1
F2 or 2 Chose Platoon 2
F3 or 3 Chose Platoon 3
F4 or 4 Chose Platoon 4
F7 or 7 Select map view for chosen platoon.
F8 or 8 Select 3d view for chosen platoon.
F9 or 9 Select status view for chosen platoon.
F10 F0, Toggle between map, 3d and status view for chosen platoon.
or o
Escape Toggle between "Quadrant" and "Full screen"
Undo (ST) Quit Game
Delete (Amiga) Quit Game
Help Pause Game ( ST and Amiga only)

Pacific Islands


If you have previously played Team Yankee, and you are proficient
in your control of the game, then you may turn to Chapter 11 if you
wish. There you will find details about the differences between Team
Yankee and Pacific Islands. This will allow you to start playing
Pacific Islands without delay. The opening screen resembles an open
filing cabinet - ail of the Information about your battle
performances can be accessed from here. Figure 3.0 shows a
representation of this screen. On the front of the filing cabinet
are three large Icons . On the left Is the QUIT GAME Icon. If you
click on this icon then you will be asked to verify whether or not
you wish to quit the game. In the middle Is the Pacific Islands
Language Icon, which will allow you to change the language of the
text in the game. Your default language will be written to disk and
recalled the next time you play the game. On the right is the
PRACTICE icon, which allows you to play a practice scenario. This
scenario will familiarize you with the control of the game, without
stretching your tactical expertise. It Is highly recommended that
you attempt to master this scenario before you pitch yourself into a
full-scale battle. If you wish to practice, then go to Chapter 14,
which details all about this training

Figure 3.0 - The Start-up Screen

There are eight files available in the filing cabinet, and each
one can hold information about your campaigns. When you first start
to play the game you will hold the rank of private, and the default
name on the left hand side of each file marker Is PFC. Bannon. On
the right hand side of each file marker you will see the characters
#1. This represents the first island in the Yama Yama atoll. There
are five islands to recapture if you are to conquer Pacific Islands.

If you wish to start playing the game proper, then you must register
yourself as a new player. To do this, locate the pointer over one of
the eight file markers and press fire. The relevant file will now
pop up from the cabinet, and you will be presented with ail of the
file contents. See Figure 3.1. Start by typing in the name you wish
to use in the area at the top of the registration menu. The program
will automatically append all of your combat record under this name
in the filing cabinet Under-neath your name you will see recorded
your strike rate under KILLS and LOSSES. This details the number of
enemy vehicles you have disabled and the number of your own vehicles
which have been lost At the start, since you will not have seen any
action, the KILL and LOSS values will both be 0. In the middle of
the file is the name of your present island. At the bottom of the
file there are three icons.

On the left Is the PLAY icon which takes you into the game via the
vehicle Identification stage detailed in the next chapter. If you
select PLAY before a name has been inbred, a request box will appear
asking you to register your name.

The CANCEL icon causes the current file to go back into the filing

The RESET icon causes ail of the campaign information under the
current filename to be erased, in case you wish to start your
campaign over again.

You may have information for up to eight different campaigns
stored in your filing cabinet All of your campaign information is
automatically written to the filing cabinet at the end of each
successfully completed scenario. You may only play a particular
scenario at any one time as one of the characters in your filing
cabinet Once each battle has been completed, win or lose, you will
return to the filing screen. If you were victorious, then your file
will have appended your latest successes, and you may proceed to the
next battle. If you were unsuccessful, then the Information on your
latest battle is erased, and you are free to start where you left
off with no penalty.

There are five separate islands in the Team Pacific campaign. If
you manage to recapture the first island, by securing all of its
battle areas, then you will be rewarded with a promotion to the rank
of Corporal. You will then move on to the next island. The tactical
skills required will become more complex and demanding. You will
have to recapture all five islands in order to completely succeed In
your mission. Victory in Pacific Islands is not going to be simple!

Pacific Islands


If you are playing the full game rather than the practice
scenario, then you must make the grade at a vehicle identification
class before you are allowed to commence. The screen shows the
profile of a particular American or enemy vehicle from twelve
different directions, with a rotating view of the same vehicle at the
centre of the screen. You must Identify the vehicle by clicking on
the vehicle name on the right hand side of the screen.

You will be shown three successive screens with the profiles of
three different vehicles, and you must Identify ail three correctly
to proceed. You will only be asked for vehicle Identification at the
start of each playing session after your machine has been turned on.
Figure 4.0. shows a representation of all eight vehicles.

In the mayhem of battle It Is imperative that you can tell at a
glance the difference between an M113 and a BMP-2, if only because
if you shoot the wrong one you will be killing men who are on your
own side! If you study the section in the manual on vehicle types
(Chapter 12), you will receive all the information you need for
vehicle identification.

Of course, the game Pacific Islands does not need this
identification, being long ago cracked by The Humble Guys.

Pacific Islands


Once you have graduated from vehicle identification you will be
shown a map of your current island on the battle selection screen.
This map shows all of the major terrain features of the island, with
ail of the roads and villages of military significance. At the start
of your offensive on the island you will see two different colours of
square grids overlaid on the map. Red squares represent battle
areas - these are the locations where your battle scenarios will
take place. Your offensive on the island will only be successful
when you have succeeded in subduing all of the battle areas on the
island. Blue squares represent those areas you are free to move over
to reach the battle areas. See Figure 5.0.

The flashing blue square represents your start position. To move
you must place the cursor over an adjacent square and then press
fire (i.e. you can only move directly up, down, left or right, where
possible). When you reach a red square and press fire you will
initiate your attack on that battle area and move to the next portion
of the game. The direction of your approach will determine the start
position of your tank units In the battle area

If you succeed in your forthcoming engagement, then when you
choose to continue your offensive, you will find that the battle
area on which you were victorious has turned yellow. You are then
free to move from there over any adjacent squares (blue or yellow),
until you choose another red battle area. When all of the battle
areas on the island have been retaken you will move on to the next

If your battle is unsuccessful, then you will simply return to
your previous position on the map. You will suffer no penalty, and
may proceed once again.

As the game progresses you will find that you have some choice as
to the order in which battle areas can be attacked, or the direction
from which your attack can proceed. You will have to make Judgements
according to all of the information you have gained, and the
importance you hold on destroying communications facilities swiftly.

Pacific Islands


At the start of your offensive there is a sum of money (fifty-five
million dollars) available for the financing of your campaign. This
funding is entirely under your own control, and you will be allowed
to continue indefinitely until you have either won a complete
victory and retaken the entire Yama Yama atoll, or you have run out
of money. You are not permitted an overdraft, so you must ensure
that you are not too profligate with your purchases. If you are
victorious in battle, or if you destroy certain key installations,
then there will be further credits to your account. But you will be
debited for any gratuitous collateral damage you cause during your
missions, and you will have to pay to restock any vehicles damaged
or destroyed, or ammunition used, during your campaign.

The first time you reach the purchase screen (See Figure 6.0) you
will be asked whether you wish to make a default selection of
purchases. If you answer YES, then the four units of Team Pacific
will be stocked immediately to allow you to continue swiftly towards
your first battle. Unit 1 will have two M1 Abrams tanks and two
ITVs. Units 2 and 3 will have four M1 Abrams each. Unit 4 will have
two M2 Bradleys and two M113s. (See Chapter 12 for more details
about these vehicles.) All four units will be fully stocked with
ammunition. You may then continue to the next stage of the game by
clicking on the icon at the top left corner of the screen.

If you do not wish to make a default selection then you are free
(within financial constraints) to select whatever vehicles and
ammunition you wish for your four units. Each unit may have up to
four vehicles, giving a total of sixteen as the maximum number of
vehicles in Team Pacific. However, you start with no vehicles

Along the top of the screen are the names of each unit The unit
shaded In yellow is the one displayed In the main part of the
screen. If you wish to refer to a different unit, then simply click
on the name of that unit.

The total sum of money in your account is displayed on the top
right of the screen. This is instantly debited when you make any

There are three major icons down the right hand side of this

The top Icon is the vehicle purchase icon which allows you to buy
the vehicles for your Team. Click on the arrows at the bottom of
this icon to browse through the selection of all available vehicles.
There are four allowed vehicle types - the worlds foremost tank, the
M1 Abrams; the all-purpose M2 Bradley; the M113 armoured personnel
carrier and the TOW missile carrying ITV. (For further information
on these vehicles read Chapter 12.) Below each vehicle you will see
its purchase price. You will find that there are also sub-standard
versions of each vehicle available for purchase at a cut-down price.
These might prove useful if you are in financial difficulty, but be
warned that these vehicles will not perform as well as their fully
fitted counterparts In battle. When you have decided how you wish to
stock your unit, then chick on the tick at the bottom of the icon to
purchase the currently displayed vehicle. You may choose up to four
vehicles for each of your units, so long as you have money to pay
for them. Note that once you have made a purchase you will not be
allowed to change your mind, so be sure that you know precisely what
you want.

You may now stock your vehicles with weapons using the middle,
weapon purchase icon. Use the arrows under this Icon In the same
manner as above to browse through the full selection of available
weaponry, and use the tick to make a purchase. There are four
different types of ammunition available - HEAT, SABOT, TOW and SMOKE
missiles. (See the Glossary for more information on these weapons.)
Each vehicle can only carry certain types of missiles, so when you
make a purchase the program will automatically distribute the
weapons between the relevant vehicles as it sees fit. (See Chapter
12 for information on which type of missile each vehicle may carry.)
You will not be allowed to purchase unsuitable weapons, or more
weapons than your vehicles can carry. Because some of the vehicles
can carry many weapons (for instance a single M1 may be armed with
up to 30 SABOT shells), you will find selections of groups of ten
missiles, so that you do not have to purchase everything
Individually. You cannot buy weapons on their own - they can only be
bought for previously purchased vehicles.

The lowest Icon on the right hand side is the extras icon. There
are three options accessible by clicking on the arrows. The repair
option allows you to repair vehicles damaged in battle, or to repair
damage to the vehicles In the displayed unit (for the cost displayed
under the Icon). When the lower bar to the right of a displayed
vehicle extends to the edge of the main part of the screen it is
fully repaired. The morale icon allows you to Improve the morale of
your vehicle crews by providing them with some R&R. The morale of
the crew in any vehicle is represented by the upper bar to the right
of the vehicle in the main part of the screen.

Note that incrementing both damage and morale not only costs money,
but takes time. You will have to take this into account, because
extra time gives the enemy more time to re-group and to counter your
attack with more forces.

The time option allows you to increment the time in steps of one
hour units. This allows you to decide on the time of your attack.
The major use you might make of this feature Is when you do not wish
to make an attack at night. (It is dark between the hours of 11 p.m.
and 4am.)

You should ensure that you purchase vehicles AND weapons for ALL
of the desired units in your Team before you move to the next
screen. You are not allowed to change previously chosen vehicles.

When you are happy with your selections, you may proceed to the
briefing screen by clicking on the icon at the top left corner of
the screen.

Pacific Islands


The briefing screen, figure 7.0, presents all of the intelligence
Information and command instructions for your forthcoming scenario,
and also allows you to set up artillery bombardments where

In the central part of the screen, to the left, you will see a
full map of the battlefield area This displays all of the major
terrain features - forests, roads, rivers and villages. It also
shows the disposition of your forces at the start of the battle.
Each unit of Team Pacific is represented by an American flag. To the
right of the map Is a notebook which details all of the important
information available to you before the battle. You may flip through
this notebook by clicking on the arrows at the bottom or top of each
page, where applicable. There Is nothing to prevent you from reading
through the notebook as many times as you wish. Beneath the map you
will see displayed the battle commencement time on an LCD display.

The crossed swords icon will take you Into the full battle. After
you have clicked on this you will be asked to confirm that you wish
to go into battle. Make sure that you are fully prepared!

The notebook Icon reactivates the notebook if you have previously
activated one of the next two icons. This contains your briefing
based on all available Information before your engagement.

The eye - or information - icon is a special feature which allows
you to glean further Information from the map. When you are In
information mode place your pointer over the map, and you will
notice that it changes shape into a cursor. If you click at any point
you will notice that a flashing box will appear on the map. This box
appears at the closest point of special interest relative to your
cursor position. The notepad will now display the particular
information about this position on the map. You will find out
important facts relating to local topography when you use this
feature. Alternatively, now that you are in information mode, you
can look at all the special points of Interest simply by clicking up
or down through the notepad. When you get to a new page, so the new
point of Interest flashes on the map.

The cannon Icon allows you to set up artillery barrages or lay
minefields In advance of the battle. You are not able to access
artillery or mines during the battle itself. You will sometimes be
allowed to create a number of separate barrages of HE (High
Explosive), DPICM (Dual-Purpose Improved Conventional Munitions) and
SMOKE shells, or to lay mines over a chosen 400mx400m area. The
precise availability of artillery will depend on the particular
engagement you have chosen - some battles do not allow you any
artillery or mine backup. The precise details of each barrage that
you set up for the battle may be varied on the overlays which appear
on the notepad. By pressing either of the two arrows next to the
timer on the artillery overlay, figure 7.1, you may alter the start
time for a particular barrage. (This Is not relevant in the case of
laying mines.) Clicking on the red cross stops any chosen barrage
from taking place.

The location for a particular barrage is shown by a flashing
yellow square on the map. This location may be changed by moving the
cursor over the map and clicking at the desired position. For
further information on the available artillery types, please read
the glossary near the end of the manual.

Pacific Islands



You have access to ail 16 vehicles in Team Pacific, and you are
going to have to become proficient at managing all of them. In
either quadrant mode, when ail four platoons may be controlled at
once, or full-screen mode, when the display homes in on Just one
platoon, you have the flexibility to display either an overhead map
view of the surrounding area, a simulated 3d view of the bat-
tlefield, or a status screen showing the performance of all vehicles
in a platoon. Irrespective of which screen mode you choose during
battle, there is a constant column of information to the right of
the screen.

Just beneath the Pacific Islands logo you will see the current
state of your bank balance, which is update as soon as it changes
during the game. Beneath this there is a white flag, or game QUIT
icon, which allows you to exit the battle. You will be asked to
confirm this decision before you are allowed to quit.

To the right is the game PAUSE icon, which allows you to take a
break during battle. Underneath, you will find the TIME display,
which gives the time In hours, minutes and seconds on a 24 hour
clock, You should keep an eye on this to note forthcoming artillery
attacks or when your scenario Involves a deadline. Beneath the clock
there are two STRENGTH bars topped by enemy and American flags.
These show the relative strengths of the two sides, calculated
according to casualty and morale factors. At the bottom of this
column you will see your RANK displayed graphically. Along the
bottom of the screen there is a single text line which will display
any vitally important information. You will be told about forthcoming
artillery strikes, casualties In your team or hits on opposing


When you first enter the game you will be In quadrant mode, where
the active part of the screen Is split up Into four sections
relating to each of the four platoons of Team Pacific. The upper row
of Icons In each quadrant allow you to alter what is viewed on the
screen. The leftmost icon will expand the view of that particular
platoon to occupy most of the screen - In this full screen mode you
will be offered extra features - but you will not be able to see all
of the action.

In the middle, the name of the platoon Is displayed. To the right
there are three icons. The map icon changes the view to a map
quadrant with a plan view of the battlefield. The 3-D view icon
changes the view to a 3d simulation of the battlefield. The status
icon changes the view to a screen detailing the status of ail
vehicles in that unit. The Icon corresponding to the current viewing
mode Is shaded In yellow. Chapter 2 details how to access these
features by using the keyboard.

At the start of the game each quadrant displays a simulated 3d view
of the battlefield, see figure 8.0:


When a three dimensional view of the battlefield is displayed, then
at the bottom of the display you will see the following icons:

To the left there are two Icons, one on top of the other. The red
dead stop Icon allows you to halt the movement of your unit. It Is a
toggle switch, and so when clicked again your unit will start to
move at its previously determined speed. When you start the game you
will always be stationary. You are only able to set your course and
speed using the map views, rather than the 3d views.

The zoom icon will magnify the view on the screen by a factor of
6. This icon toggles between magnify and non-magnify.

To the right of these two Icons are two red arrows which form a
rotate and compass icon, allowing the player to rotate the view
clockwise or anti-clockwise through 360�. This Is equivalent to
rotating the gun turret - IT DOES NOT ALLOW YOU TO ALTER THE
DIRECTION IN WHICH YOU ARE TRAVELLING. Between the two rotate arrows
lie two compasses: the upper (red) compass shows the direction which
you (i.e. the gun turret) are facing; the lower (green) compass
shows the direction In which the vehicle Is facing. If you click on
the central part of the compass, then your view will rotate towards
the direction in which you are traveling.

Useful shortcut for players with a mouse: If the player de-
presses the RIGHT mouse button while the pointer is on the 3-d view,
then the view will rotate at a rate relative to the distance of the
pointer from the centre of the view. (The further the pointer from
the centre, the faster the rotation.)

To the right of the compasses are five Icons which represent the
various types of weaponry available to the unit. Clicking on any of
these Is equivalent to a command to the loader to load a particular
shell. When the shell Is selected the Icon clicks In (like a button)
and when it is loaded the icon lights up. You will also hear a
signal when the weapon Is available for firing. The weapon loading
times accurately reflect the time taken for a vehicle to rearm
itself In battle. See Chapter 12 for more details. Once a weapon is
fully loaded, the pointer becomes a set of sights when moved over
the 3d display. Clicking at a particular point on the landscape
leads to the shell being aimed at that point (with some
predetermined inaccuracy factors). The five available weapon types,
from left to right, are:

HEAT - a high explosive anti-tank round (see glossary);
SABOT - an armour-piercing tungsten shell (see glossary);
TOW - a high-range anti-tank missile (see glossary, and note
In particular that this may only be fired when your vehicle is
SMOKE - a smoke grenade which allows enemy vision to be
obscured (see glossary);
MACHlNE GUN - which Is always available to the player and
has an infinite number of rounds (see glossary).

Most platoons will not have all weapon types available (for
instance, the M1 Tank does not carry TOW missiles). If a weapon is
not available then that particular icon will not be displayed.

Once the platoon has no more loaded shells of a particular type
there will be a delay before it is possible to use them again,
according to the re-load times of your weapons.

All of these screens operate in a multi-tasking mode. This means,
for instance, that while you are waiting for one platoon to load its
weaponry, you are free to do anything you wish with any other


The map quadrant screen shown in figure 8.1, allows you to alter
the movement and formation of any platoon. The whole of the map may
be viewed at once, or you may zoom Into any portion of the
battlefield using the Icons to the right of the map. All of the
major terrain features of the battlefield are displayed on the map -
roads are light grey, rivers are blue, forests are green shaded
clumps, and buildings are marked as red and white boxes.

There are two zoom Icons represented by magnifying glasses.
Clicking on the upper zoom icon magnifies the resolution of the map.
Clicking on the lower zoom Icon demagnifies the map. There are seven
levels of magnification. On the lowest level the whole width of the
battlefield - 4 miles across is displayed. On the highest
magnification the width of the displayed map is 0.2 miles across.

The full width of the map In miles shown between the two zoom icons.
If you have a mouse, and you are not viewing the whole battlefield,
you may scroll the map in any direction by locating the pointer over
the map and depressing the right mouse button. The map will then
scroll at a speed and direction relative to the position of the
cursor from the centre of the n ap. In order to move your platoon
you have to provide information about the desired destination and
the speed. Place the pointer over the map at the required
destination and press fire. A crossfire will be left on the screen
to mark the current destination point Now go to the slider bar and
set the intended speed of travel. You may do this either by clicking
on the arrows at the top or bottom of the slider bar, to increase or
decrease the platoon speed respectively, or by moving the pointer to
the desired speed. The current speed Is displayed, in miles per
hour, under the bottom arrow of the slider bar.

The expected time of arrival, or ETA, at the current destination Is
printed at the top of the right hand side of the map quadrant. Note
that only one destination is allowed for any platoon at any time and
what this destination may be altered at any time, whether or not the
previous destination has been reached. The maximum speed of any of
your vehicles is 50 miles per hour. The maximum speed you may
achieve depends on the terrain type across which you are traveling.
The fastest terrain type is road, followed by cross country, forest
and then river, which is the slowest terrain type. If you wish to
travel by the fastest possible means, try to find a suitable road.


The Status quadrant is accessed by clicking on the status icon.
Every vehicle in the unit will when be displayed on the screen. (By
now you will, hopefully, bo able to recognise and Identify the
profile of all of your vehicles) To the right of each vehicle are
two bars. The upper bar represents the morale of the personnel In
the vehicle. Morale is improved when the vehicle achieves a hit on
an enemy tank, and decreases when the platoon is fired at, or there
are losses on the American side. The lower bar represents the
efficiency of the vehicle and Its personnel. The efficiency de-
creases when the vehicle has suffered some damage from opposition
fire power. The values of morale and efficiency affect the ability
of your platoon to strike the opposition accurately and swiftly when
a command to launch a weapon is raised. If a vehicle is terminally
damaged it will turn red on the status screen. That vehicle and any
remaining personnel will be left behind when the platoon moves on.
If all of the vehicles In a platoon are disabled, that platoon
becomes ineffective, and a red status screen will be displayed. See
figure 8.2. You are also able to alter the quadrant view of a
disabled unit to display the map of the battlefield.


You may expand the view to one single unit by clicking on the top
left icon of any of the quadrant. This will take you into full
screen mode for that platoon. See figure 8.3. The top row of icons
in this mode are identical in function to those in quadrant mode.
The only difference you will note is that all of the unit are named,
with the current platoon in view highlighted in yellow. If you click
on another unit name then the screen will change to a full screen
view for that unit


This type of view Is Identical to the quadrant 3-d view, except that
it occupies the full screen(l) and there are additional facilities
available. The control panel underneath the view has the following

Engine smoke icon. Clicking on this icon causes your platoon to
produce engine smoke. This will prove very useful in confusing your
enemy if you find yourself in a tight comer. If you find that you
are always getting destroyed by the enemy, try to use engine smoke
more frequently.

Infra red (or thermal) imaging icon. This system is vital to see
what is happening when it is dark, or when enemy forces are covered
by smoke. Anything which produces heat can be imaged using a thermal
sight - you will soon get used to Identifying vehicles by their thermal image.
This feature Is very useful for identifying vehicles camouflaged on the edge
of forests. The thermal image generated In a modem tank is green and not red.

Rotation icon and compass display. These work in the same way
as in the quadrant view, and the mouse shortcut still applies.

Dead stop icon. This allows you to come very quickly to a dead
stop. You will find this feature very useful if you suddenly find a
target, and you need more accuracy or you need the use of

Zoom icon. When this icon is accessed, the central portion of the
screen is magnified by a factor of 6. You will find the zoom
facility essential for spotting vehicles which are over 500m away.
Since the range of some of your (and the enemies) weapons is over 2
km, using the zoom feature may save Team Pacific from destruction.
Note that if you rotate your view when you are in zoom mode, the
speed of rotation is slower than in normal viewing mode.

Weapon icons. These icons work in Identical fashion to the
quadrant weapon icons. The only difference is that the number of
remaining missiles for each type is displayed underneath each icon.
If you have more than one hundred missiles of a particular type in
your unit, the number displayed will be ninety nine.

Laser range finder icon. Underneath the weapon displays you will
find the laser range finder, which lights up red when in use. The
range finder will lock on to a reflective target (such as an
armoured vehicle) if the firing cursor Is placed directly over the
object. You will know that the system has locked on when the cursor
changes shape to a rectangle. The range finder, however, will not
keep a moving object permanently locked - so it is easiest to use on
a stationary target when you are stationary. Remember, though, that
when you are stationary you present an easier target for your
opponent. Although use of the range finder will increase your
shooting accuracy, It does not provide a 100% hit rate. Clicking on
this icon will toggle range finding on and off.


The full screen map for a particular unit has all the capabilities
of the quadrant map, as mentioned earlier, with some additional
features. See figure 8.4. On the map Itself you will see that the
11ags relating to each Team Pacific platoon have a number next to
them - these relate to the platoon number of that unit. The extra
Icon features to the right of the map are as follows:

Scroll icon. The four arrows underneath the ETA display allow
you to scroll your map In any of the four directions. The shortcut
of using your right mouse button to scroll still applies. If you
click on the region In the centre of the arrows the map will
automatically centre on your platoon position, and if you are moving
the map will scroll to keep your unit at the centre of the display.

Dead Stop icon. This red Icon, Just to the bottom left of the
speed slider bar, causes your platoon to come to a dead halt.

Wide formation icon. This increases the spacing between vehicles
In your platoon to 100 metres. You might wish to Increase your
formation spacing n you are traveling In file through a narrow gap
between forests. If you are spotted while you go through the gap,
then you will have more time to react

Narrow formation icon. This reduces the inter-vehicle spacing
In your platoon to 50 metres.

The bottom six icons of the vertical column to the left of the
screen allow you to change the formation type of the vehicles In
your platoon:

In-line places your vehicles In a line abreast relative to your

Column places your vehicles In a line ahead relative to your
direction. Narrow Formation Icon

Echelon right places your vehicles on a left to right diagonal
relative to your direction.

Echelon left places your vehicles on a right to left diagonal
relative to your direction.

Wedge places your vehicles in a wedge formation.

Vee places your vehicles in a vee formation.

The choice of different formation types will alter your exposure
to enemy fire according to your relative locations.


As in the quadrant status view, the morale and efficiency of each
vehicle in a platoon Is displayed. The extra information provided in
full screen view is the number of available weapons for each vehicle
In your platoon. All vehicles in Team Pacific are armed with an
infinite number of machine gun rounds. Particular damage to any
vehicle is displayed in red.

Pacific Islands


A battle may end for a number of reasons. You may have won because
you have reached a desired location, held a defensive position for
enough time, or destroyed the majority of the opposing forces. You
may have lost because you have not gained a desired attacking
position, held a defensive position for long enough, or lost too
many of the vehicles of Team Pacific. In general, if you do not
achieve your objectives within forty playing minutes, then you will
lose the battle. If you fulfil all of the mission objectives
mentioned during briefing then you should be victorious, if not then
you will certainly have been defeated.

When the end of the scenario has been reached you will be told the
outcome in the text line at the bottom of the gameplay screen. You
then have the option to click on this line In order to view the
de-briefing screen, or to quit the game using the white flag Icon.
The reason we have provided this option is for the case when you
have WON a scenario, but have lost so many vehicles or been debited
so much money that you would rather re-try the scenario again. If
you win a scenario and then select to go onto the de-briefing
screen, then all of your gameplay information is written to disk for
the start of the next scenario. You may review the status of all of
your platoons before deciding whether or not to go to de-briefing
and hence Increment your game file. In this case you will not be
allowed to repeat the battle again using the same registered player
file. Note that if you have LOST the scenario, then you will have to
replay the scenario again and no information is written to your game

If you move to the debriefing screen, then you will receive a
summary of your battle progress. Once you have noted the comments on
this screen then press fire to return to the start-up filing screen.
The game can then be continued as before.

Pacific Islands


Before launching yourself into a scenario it Is best to use the
briefing information to decide on your strategy for the forthcoming
battle. Quite often you will be expected to position your vehicles or
take some action very quickly at the start of the scenario
particularly as it is a defensive scenario). Through practise you will
learn the strike power of Team Pacific, as well as the enemy. This
will allow you to make more appropriate decisions about which
vehicles to purchase at the start of each scenario. The information
In Chapter 12 referring to vehicle types and the additional Informa-
tion In the Glossary will give you an idea of the relative strengths
and ranges of all of the weapons that you will use or come up
against. For instance, a BTR has very little armour and is only
armed with a machine gun. If you are In a platoon manned with M1
tanks, you therefore have very little to worry about from a BTR, and
you should dispose of it at your leisure, while realising the
threat from a T72 is rather more potent. The TOW missiles on your
M-2 s and ITV's are your most potent weapons in terms of strength
and range, but remember that your vehicle must be stationary before
they can be fired. Because you have to control four tank platoons
simultaneously In Pacific Islands, we have not been strictly
accurate In our operation of these wire guided missiles. Instead of
leaving you to control and aim the missile over Its flight of up to
15 seconds (thus causing you to relinquish your control of
everything else that is going on), we have treated the TOW as a
normal missile - once launched it will strike the area you have
aimed at The loading times for all of the missiles are accurately
presented and re11ect the length of time it takes for a missile to
be loaded after the tank commander (you) has ordered his gunner
and loader to set up a target It is put of the frustration of war that
it takes some time to load an appropriate missile when confronted by
a new and threatening target.

Because of the Importance of communications facilities on the Yuna
Yuna atoll, these will play a crucial role in your mission. The
following section, Communications facilities, provides detailed
information regarding this aspect of the mission.

It is worth remembering that tank battles are often fought at long
range, and in particular that a platoon of tanks in the middle of an
open plain are cannon-fodder for suitably placed opposition. The tree
line of forests or Jungle provides very adequate protection for
tanks, because of the camouflage provided by the trees. In Pacific
Islands, you will find that the forests/jungles on your battle map
extend about 75 metres further than they do on the three dimen-
sional display. This denotes the area where you can place yourself
in order to look out on the battlefield while still camouflaged
from your enemy. It is therefore often a good policy to always look
for an appropriate area of tree line when considering your
manoeuvres. As soon as you fire, however, you will give your
opponents a chance to locate you for about ten or fifteen seconds,
if they happen to catch a glimpse of smoke from your gun barrel.
Remember that the opposition can use the same tactic of utilising
forest cover. Your infra-red sights will often be invaluable to spot
vehicles which would otherwise be hidden in the tree line.

The magnify mode on the 3d view is very powerful. Since you should
be able to destroy a vehicle which is well over a mile away from
you, you will often need to use the magnified sights in order to
locate the enemy before they spot you. When you are being attacked
try to locate the precise vehicles which are firing at you, since
they will be the most potent threat. It is obviously more urgent to
dispose of a threat which is attacking you rather than one which is
performing some other Action!

The position of known enemy units will often be marked on the map
displays with a flag representing each unit These flags will be
displayed either when the player should have the units In his sights
or when there has been information received from Intelligence.
However, Just because an enemy flag does not appear on the map does
not necessarily mean that there are no enemy units nearby. For
Instance, if an opposing unit is in a forest or on the tree line of
a forest, there will normally be no information presented on the map
screens. It is up to you to seek and destroy the enemy.

It is inevitable that some of your battles will be due to take place
at night It Is dark between the hours of 11 p.m. and 4 a. m. Between
these times you will find that all of your normal external views are
completely dark. If you do not wish to Join battle In the dark, when
you have the option to Increment the time on the vehicle purchase
screen. But remember that time is of the essence during this
campaign, and you will lose valuable hours. If you are going to
fight at night then you must use your Infra-red sights at all times.
At first this will seem quite disconcerting, but you will have to
learn to cope


As you will already have gathered, one of your constant objectives
while playing Pacific Islands Is to locate and destroy as many
communication facilities as possible. The enemy have taken over and
supplemented the communication facilities throughout the atoll. It
is vitally important that secret information about the nature of the
Pacific early warning network is not transferred to North Korea. On
a more immediate level, the enemy will be using these facilities to
pass on information about your whereabouts, as well as your
strengths and weaknesses. On each island, the longer it takes you to
achieve success, and the longer it takes you to destroy communication
centres, the harder you will be attacked by the opposition. Keep this
in mind when you decide to do repairs, or give your tank crews some
time off. It is a fine balancing act.

Sometimes you will find that Intelligence has pinpointed certain
facilities with great accuracy, and you will be told this during your
mission briefing. However, there will be many communication stations
which have escaped their eyes, and so you will constantly have to
search during your offensives. Your battle maps do not show the
location of most comms centres, so you will not have any extra
information from this source.


In many battle areas there are also isolated scout vehicles, which
the enemy use to help locate and assess your movements. These are
modified BTR personnel carriers which can travel at fairly high
speed. They will appear on your battle maps in the same manner as
any other opposition vehicle. although they cannot cause any physical
damage to your Team, it will be vital to locate any scouts within
your area so that information is not passed on to other enemy units.


There are many different types of buildings and objects which you
will come across throughout the Yama Yama atoll. They range from
road signs and houses, to factories and satellite dishes. Every
object which you can see can be destroyed. The amount of explosive
force required depends very much on the type of structure you are
attacking. A statue or palm tree will collapse if directly hit by a
HEAT missile. A factory, on the other hand, might require many
direct hits from TOW missiles to be completely destroyed. It is
important that you try to aim at the centre of any object If you are
going to destroy it efficiently and without wasting valuable and
expensive ammunition.

Every object which you destroy will have an effect on your
financial balance sheet. Buildings which are clearly Islanders
property and not a direct part of the opposition war effort should
be left Intact Any unnecessary object which Is destroyed, even by
the opposition, will result in a fine being imposed, and an
immediate reduction to your financial account The scale of these 3
charges will become apparent to you as they happen, and you will
learn how to proceed by experience. The destruction of churches and
hospitals are regarded with the gravest concern, and commensurate
fines will be imposed. Occasionally, if the level of destruction is
too great, then your battle will be forcibly terminated.

You will learn that In the middle 1990s excessive collateral damage
is no longer politically acceptable On the bonus side, there are
always financial incentives for destroying opposition facilities,
particularly communications centres. Hopefully this will satisfy any
destructive tendencies you might have. The major types of objects you
will encounter can be seen below;


There are many different types of terrain over which you can move
in Pacific Islands. You will only be able to achieve your full
operating speed while traveling over roads, which are grey on the map
and In your 3d view. Traveling over cross-country reduces your speed
and increases the amount of pitch which you will encounter in your
3d view. This will make engagement of the enemy rather more difficult.
Your speeds on the tree line of forests are further reduced, but
these regions do provide camouflage from your opponents (as detailed
above). Inside forests you will often find tracks (which look like
brown roads) which will allow you to make faster progress than
simply battling through the trees. It will often be useful to locate
These tracks and Incorporate them in your strategic plan. Rivers
provide the slowest type of terrain over which to cross, and can
leave you very exposed to enemy fire while you are crossing them.

Pacific Islands


Much of the direct control of your tank platoons will already be
quite familiar to you, so this brief chapter outlines how to quickly
find out the differences between Pacific Islands and Team Yankee
without having to read all of the manual. We would recommend that at
some stage you do browse through the complete manual, because there
are certain to be aspects of the game which you have not fully
grasped from your previous experiences.

Unlike Team Yankee, the game does not play entirely sequen-
tially, and no scenarios are repeated at a more complex level. Each
battle Is entirely different and you have some control over the
order in which battles are engaged. The first unfamiliar screen will
be the battle selection screen, and you are referred to Chapter Five
for further explanation. Once you have selected the site of your
next engagement, you will be required to purchase vehicles and
ammonium, and details for this are to be found in Chapter Six.
Pacific Islands will require you to control the funding of your
entire campaign, and so you will find that this adds an extra
dimension to the product. After you have performed your purchases
you will proceed to the familiar Briefing Screen. This works in the
manner of Team Yankee, except that you will find that under the
artillery option you are occasionally allowed the facility of
planting a minefield. This is positioned by your crosshair over the
map, and each minefield covers a 250m x 250m area. Make sure you
remember where you have laid mines, because they can't differ-
entiate between you and the enemy, and will treat you both in the
same manner Remember that your opponents are also able to lay
mines, and it will be very clear when you have entered an opposition

The gameplay screens operate in a very similar manner to Team
Yankee. The only obvious differences are that we have added dead
stop and zoom Icons to the quadrant three dimen- sional views, and a
dead stop icon to the full screen three dimensional views. This was
in response to comments made by players of the original game who
were frustrated by having to switch back and forth between 3d and
map screens In order to perform these simple functions. Note that we
take all of your comments seriously

The objectives you will face in Pacific Islands are rather more
complex than In Team Yankee. Often there will be multiple objectives
and sub-objectives in any particular scenario. For an update on
important issues relating to playing the scenarios, the last chapter
we would point you to is the previous one - Chapter Ten. You will
find that an often unwritten objective is to destroy any
communications facility you may come across. You are now able to
destroy any object which you can see on the three dimensional view,
and we hope that this adds to the realism and pleasure of playing
the game. You will find other Improvements as you play through the
game. The 3d routines have been speeded up, and this allows us
sometimes to create villages, which would have caused Team Yankee to
perform rather too slowly. The opposi- tion strategy is now under
rather more intelligent control, and this means that although the
game may be more testing, It should now be more satisfying. There Is
also genuine line of sight now operating, and this should iron out
any problems with stray opposition units attacking you from
unfeasible positions. The use of the tree line as camouflage has also
been altered to be more acceptable.

If you played Team Yankee and enjoyed it then we are sure that you
will get even more pleasure from Pacific Islands!

Pacific Islands

12 - VEHICLE TYPES - Team Pacific

M-l Abrams Main Battle Tank

The M-1 Abrams is the fastest and best protected main battle tank
in service With any army in the world today. Its 105 mm gun is
extremely effective and, while it does not have the muzzle velocity
of the 125 mm hypervelocity smoothbores of Soviet tanks, its
advanced ammunition and very effective ballistic computer combine to
give comparable or superior performance. New SABOT ammunition (see
glossary) has recently Increased this effectiveness. The thermal
sights, allowing the gunner improved visibility through smoke and
darkness, give the vehicle a unique combat advantage over its
adversaries. The M-1 uses 'Chobham' composite armor, which contains a
large outer layer of hard steel, with successive Inner layers of
other metals and ceramics. This type of armor very effectively
absorbs the heat from the hot gasses of HEAT ammunition. Great
emphasis has been placed on reliability and maintenance, and it is
claimed that the complete engine can be removed for replacement in
under 30 minutes.

Crew 4
Weight (Tonnes) 54.5
Full Length 977
Engine Type Turbine
Road Range (Km) 498
Max Speed (Km/h) 72.4
Max Speed off road 48.3
Frontal Armour (mm) 380
Main Gun Smooth
Calibre (mm) 105
Effective Range 2500
Maxrate (round/min) 8
Total Rounds 55
HEAT Rounds Yes
SABOT Rounds Yes
TOW Rounds Yes

M-113 Armoured Personnel Carrier

The M-113 is the basic armored troop carrier in the U.S. Army, and
has been since the Vietnam War. It was destined 'to provide a
lightweight, armored personnel carrier for armor and Infantry units
capable of amphibious and air-drop operations, superior cross-coun-
try mobility and adaptations to multiple functions'. The all-welded
aluminium hull protects the crew from small arms fire and shell
splinters. It is fully amphibious, being propelled in water by its
tracks. Successful adaptations include the M163 Vulcan
self-propelled anti-aircraft gun, the M577 Command Post and the M901
Improved TOW Vehicle. The M-113 is being replaced by the M-2 Bradley
Infantry Fighting Vehicle, but the slow procurement rate means that
many US mechanised units will continue to use the M-113 into the

Crew 2(+11)
Weight (Tonnes) 11.2
Full Length 486
Engine Type Diesel
Road Range (Km) 321
Max Speed (Km/h) 64.4
Max Speed in water 5.8
Frontal Armour (mm) 38
Main Gun Machine
Calibre (mm) 12.7
Effective Range 500
Maxrate (round/min) N/A
Total Rounds 1200
HEAT Rounds No
SABOT Rounds No
TOW Rounds No
M-2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle

The Bradley Is a reasonably protected Infantry carrier and is
extremely mobile and well armed. The hull of the M-2 is of welded
aluminum armor with additional laminate fitted to the hull front,
sides and rear. It is fully amphibious, being propelled through water
by Its tracks. By 1987 only 3000 Bradleys had been delivered to the
US Army out of a procurement of nearly 7000 vehicles. The M-2 has
come under considerable fire from critics due to its expense and slow
delivery. Critics also suggest that its inferior armor protection
will hamper its ability to operate with the M1 tank. An effort is being made to
equip battalion scout platoons with Bradleys, however. The M-2 has
extra firing ports to side and rear and can carry a full rifle
squad. It Is worth noting that the M-2's TOW missiles may only be
launched when the vehicle is stationary.

Crew 3(+6)
Weight (Tonnes) 22.7
Full Length 645
Engine Type Diesel
Road Range (Km) 483
Max Speed (Km/h) 66
Max Speed in water 7.2
Frontal Armour (mm) 60
Main Gun Cannon
Calibre (mm) 25
Effective Range 1000
Maxrate (round/min) 100
Total Rounds 900
HEAT Rounds No
SABOT Rounds No
TOW Rounds 2+5

M-901 Improved Tow Vehicle,s (ITV)

This is a variant of the M-113 mounting the 'hammerhead' armoured
TOW launcher in an overhead mount. The launcher assembly contains
twin TOW launch tubes with another 10 launch missiles carried In the
hull This gives the ITV the ability to park with the entire vehicle
behind cover and only the missile launcher exposed The launcher can
also be reloaded from Inside the vehicle. A major disadvantage is that
the armored TOW launcher and ammunition carried internally have badly
overloaded the chassis and reduced its mobility significantly. Also
remember that a TOW missile can only be launched from a stationary
vehicle The ITV is the standard anti-tank missile carrier of the US
Army having first entered service in 1979.

Crew 4
Weight (Tonnes) 11.2
Full Length 486
Engine Type Diesel
Road Range (Km) 321
Max Speed (Km/h) 55
Max Speed off road N/A
Frontal Armour (mm) 38
Main Gun None
Calibre (mm) -
Maxrate (round/min) -
Total Rounds 900
HEAT Rounds No
SABOT Rounds No
TOW Rounds 2+10
Effective Range TOW 4000m

VEHICLE TYPES - The Opposition

T-62 Main Battle Tank

First fielded In the 1960's the T-62 was the first major tank to use
a smoothbore gun. There were severe limitations due to engineering design which for example meant that reloading could only occur at a
set turret angle and barrel elevation. The T-62 has now been superseded
in front line service by more modem types such as the T-72. The T-62
has been used In combat by the Egyptian and Syrian forces as well as
Iraq during the Gulf War. Although not so sophisticated as western
tanks the T-62 has proved itself a rugged and reliable machine. It is
estimated that at least 40,000 T-62 tanks have been built by the
Soviet Union and It is also in service with Afghanistan, Algeria, Cuba
,India, Israel, Libya and North Korea

Crew 4
Weight (Tonnes) 37.5
Full Length 933
Engine Type Diesel
Road Range (Km) 450
Max Speed (Km/h) 50
Max Speed off road N/A
Frontal Armour (mm) 200
Main Gun Smooth
Calibre (mm) 115
Effective Range 1500
Maxrate (round/min) 3-5
Total Rounds 40
HEAT Rounds Yes
SABOT Rounds Yes
Anti-Tank Rounds No

T-72 Main Battle Tank

The T-72 is one of several modem tanks that equip the Red Army,
and was its main battle tank throughout the 1970's. It Is a logical,
progressive development of the T-62, Incorporating a larger gun,
Improved fire control system, better protection and a more powerful
power plant. The strange drums on the back of the T-72 are long range
fuel tanks. The fire control system is believed to include a laser
range-finder. Standard equipment includes an NBC system, a full
range of night vision equipment, a snorkel for deep wading and
dozer blade which is mounted to the hull. In the late 1980's a new
model was spotted, which had a bulging turret front, known
colloquially as the 'Super Dolly Parton'

Crew 3
Weight (Tonnes) 41
Full Length 953
Engine Type Diesel
Road Range (Km) 450
Max Speed (Km/h) 70
Max Speed off road N/A
Frontal Armour (mm) 250
Main Gun Smooth
Calibre (mm) 125
Effective Range 2000
Maxrate (round/min) 6-8
Total Rounds 39
HEAT Rounds Yes
SABOT Rounds Yes
TOW Rounds No

BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle

BMP is an abbreviation for Bronevaya Maschlna Piekhota or "Armored
Vehicle Infantry" The BMP-1 was the first Infantry fighting vehicle In the
world to mount a cannon and antitank missile armament, thus giving the
rifle squad the ability to engage enemy armor at substantial ranges
with a reasonable prospect of success. The newly introduced BMP-2 is an
Improved version with a larger turret which mounts a 30 mm auto-cannon
and an AT-5 'Spandrel' anti-tank missile.

Crew 3(+6)
Weight (Tonnes) 14.5
Full Length 674
Engine Type Diesel
Road Range (Km) 500
Max Speed (Km/h) 70
Max Speed off road N/A
Frontal Armour (mm) 19
Main Gun Auto-Cannon
Calibre (mm) 30
Effective Range 1000
Maxrate (round/min) N/A
Total Rounds 40
HEAT Rounds No
SABOT Rounds No
Anti-Tank Rounds Yes
Anti-Tank Range(m) 4000

BTR-60 Armoured Personnel Carrier

The BTR-60 is a wheeled armored personnel carrier which equips
many Soviet motorised rifle units, The advantage of a wheeled vehicle
is a higher road speed, lower manufacturing costs and generally
increased ease of maintenance and mechanical reliability. The main
disadvantage is that a wheeled vehicle loses more of its road speed
when travelling cross country - however it is sufficiently fast on the
road that it can keep up with most tracked vehicles cross county.

Crew 2(+12)
Weight (Tonnes) 10.2
Full Length 722
Engine Type Petrol
Road Range (Km) 500
Max Speed (Km/h) 80
Max Speed off road N/A
Frontal Armour (mm) 9
Main Gun Machine
Calibre (mm) 14.5
Maxrate (round/min) N/A
Total Rounds 500
HEAT Rounds No
SABOT Rounds No
TOW Rounds No

Pacific Islands


BMP-2: A Soviet fully tracked infantry-fighting vehicle mounting
a 30 mm cannon, an antitank guided missile, and a 7.62 mm machine
gun. The BMP carries a crew of three and a six-man infantry squad.
The BMP provided the prime motivation for the design and production
of the Bradley fighting vehicle.

Bradley: An armoured fighting vehicle that comes in two ver-
sions, the M-2 mechanized infantry fighting vehicle version and the
M-3 scout version. Both have a two-man turret that mounts a TOW
missile launcher, a 25 mm chain gun and a 7.62 mm machine gun
mounted coaxially.

BTR-60: A Soviet eight-wheeled armoured personnel carrier. This
vehicle comes In several versions, from the original, which has an
open top, to the BTR-60PB, which is completely enclosed and carries
a small turret mounting a 14.5 mm and 7.62 mm machine gun. In
addition to the personnel carrier version, the BTR-60 serves as a
command and control vehicle, close air support vehicle, and other
such uses.

CO: Short for Commanding Officer.

DPICM: Short for dual-purpose, improved conventional muni- tions.
This is an artillery round that contains many small submunitions
or bomblets that are capable of defeating the thin armour located on
top of armoured vehicles as well as being effective against
personnel and other U50fr targets.

HEAT: Short for high explosive antitank, a round that depends on a
shaped charge explosion to penetrate an armoured vehicle's armour.
Because the round contains high explosive, it has a secondary role
as an antimaterial round. A typical muzzle velocity might be 1100
metres per second, with a penetration of over 150 mm In reactive
armour. It is, however, much more effective against APC's than
tanks, for which SABOT or TOW ammunition is more appropriate.

ITV: Short for Improved TOW vehicle. A modified M-113 armoured
personnel carrier that has an antitank guided missile launcher
mounted on a small rotating turret. TOW stands for tube launched,
optically-tracked, wire-guided antitank guided missile. The TOW is
currently the heaviest antitank guided missile In the U.S. Army s
inventory capable of hitting a tank-sized target out to a range of
3700 metres.

Machine Gun: Every tank and personnel carrier in Pacific Islands
carries an M2 calibre 0.50 machine gun, nicknamed 'Ma Duce'. This is
the same heavy machine gun used in World War 2 - and Serves as a tank
commander's weapon. Additionally, each tank Is provided with two
'M240' 7.62 mm machine guns. Of Belgian design, one is mounted
coaxially next to the main gun - hence the nickname 'Coax'. The
second M240 Is mounted free- swinging outside the loader's hatch -
its main value being that the two machine guns are interchangeable,
as well as giving the loader something to hang on to when the tank Is

M-1: This is currently the main battle tank of the U.S. Army. It
has a crew of four, mounts a 105 mm main gun, an M2 calibre 0.50
machine gun, and an M240 7.62 mm machine gun. The 5~ton tank Is
powered by a 1500 horsepower turbine engine and is capable of 45mph.
The fire-control system incorporates a laser range finder, a solid
state computer, a thermal imaging sight, and other electronics that
allow the main gun to fire while on the move with a high degree of
accuracy, day or night.

M-113: Until recently, the M-113 was the primary U.S. Army
armoured personnel carrier. Weighing 11 tons, it has a crew of two,
driver and commander, and the capacity to carry an entire Infantry
squad. The M-113 is normally armed with a calibre .50 M2 machine gun
located at the commander's position. Because infantry cannot fight
while mounted, the M-113 Is being replaced by the M-2 Bradley
fighting vehicle. The M-113 still remains a mainstay In the U.S.
Army, performing support roles on or near the front.

Mech: Short for mechanized or mechanized Infantry.

SABOT: The word Is actually French for shoe. Here, it is the name
of an antitank round. SABOT is short for armour-piercing
fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS). The round consists of a
small tungsten alloy or depleted uranium penetrator that has a
diameter smaller than the diameter of the gun tube. To compensate
for this, the penetrator Is seated In a boot that Is the same
diameter as the gun. This boot, called the SABOT, fails away after
the round leaves the gun, leaving the penetrator to continue to the
target The SABOT round has a very effective armour penetration out to
2500 metres. More useful against tank armour than a HEAT round.

Smoke: Smoke Is very usefully generated In battle In order to
obscure the location of vehicles from the enemy. There are three ways
in which smoke can be produced in the battlefield. M-1 tanks and M2
Bradleys have smoke grenade launchers on the sides of the turret
These can be fired forwards, giving a short-lived smoke-screen. The
same vehicles can also produce engine exhaust smoke, which produces
a smoke screen from the ve- hicle's rear, and which will move with
the vehicle if it is in motion. Artillery smoke is very useful when
called in just before an attack on an enemy position, to obscure you
from their view.

T-62 Tank: A Soviet tank with a four-man crew and mounting a 115
mm smooth bore gun, a 12.5 mm and a 7.62 mm machine gun. Though
considered obsolete, It is still very capable and found in many
Warsaw Pact units.

T-72 Tank: A Soviet tank with a three-man crew and mounting a 125
mm smooth bore gun, a 12.5 mm and a 7.62 mm machine gun. The
elimination of the fourth crewman is achieved by using an automatic
loader for the main gun. Special armour and a sophisticated
fire-control system make it a powerful foe that Is difficult to stop.

Team: A company-sized unit that includes both tank and mechanized
Infantry platoons. Unlike a peacetime company, the number and type of
platoons in a team can vary according to its assigned mission. In
the case of Team Pacific, the default Team initially has two tank
and one mechanized infantry platoon as well as two improved TOW

Thermal Sight: A sight that detects the heat emitted by an object
and translates that heat into a visible image for the gunner or the
tank commander.

TOW: Short for tube-launched, optically-tracked, wire guided
antitank guided missile. The TOW Is the U.S. Army's current heavy
antitank guided missile with a range of nearly 4000 metres. The
guidance system provides a high probability of hitting a tank- sized
target out to its maximum range. A TOW missile can only be launched
from a static vehicle.

Track: This term can be used either to refer to the caterpillar
tracks of a vehicle, or any tracked vehicle, other than a tank. For
some perverse reason tanks, although having tracks, are not referred
to as 'tracks'.

Warsaw Pact: A now outdated military alliance founded by the
European Communist countries to counter NATO.

Because of the urgency of your mission to Yama Yama, we're putting
you through a 40 minute tank assault test to get you prepared. If you
follow these Instructions, and get through the scenario, then we know
we've done our best, whatever happens.

Click on the Practice icon on the filing cabinet, and you will go
straight Into the briefing screen. Turn to Chapter 7 and read through
how this operates. Read the three page brief, and look at the map
of the training ground. Click on the Information Icon to gain more
details about the layout. Click on the artillery Icon, and you will
see the artillery setup. Leave HE and DPICM barrages alone, but you
can play with mines to see their effect If you wish. Now click on
the upper left Icon and get Into training.

Keep an eye on Chapter 8 of the manual for all the information
about the operation of these screens as we progress. Click on the
zoom Icon of Unit 3 and rotate your view of the area (either using
the compass arrows or your right mouse button with the cursor over
the view), until you get a tank on the main road In view. This Is one
of Unit 1's tanks. Now rotate the view of unit 1 and notice how the
turrets move In the view from Unit 3. This Is bit-mapped technology
for you

Now, click on the centre of the compass for unit 1, and notice
that the turret rotates to face the direction of the main body of the
tank. Click on zoom and you will see a church right ahead of you.
There should be a lot of banging In the background - this Is an
artillery barrage. Unit 4 Is looking straight at a factory. Zoom In
on the house Just to the left of this and you should start seeing the
effects of a combined HE and DPICM attack - The house will
eventually get blown up.

Now just play around and get used to changing between the three
types of display on each of the four tank units - see how they all
work quit Independently. Go to a map view and click In and out on the
magnification Icons and get used to scrolling around the map using
your right mouse button.

At about 09:19 hours a display of vehicles will be presented to
you on the brown track just In front of unit one. To see this best go
to the full screen 3d view for Unit 1 (by clicking on the Icon at
the top left corner of the screen while In 3d zoom mode). Get used
to tracking the vehicles as they pass, and get a good look at them.

Once the drive-past has finished (about 09:23), it's time to start
moving. Go to the map view for Unit 1. Zoom In until you get to a map
range of 0.5, and you will see that each Individual tank Is
displayed on the map. Now scroll the map rightward until you see the
point where the road turns. Set your cursor on this point, and set
your speed to maximum You will get up to a maximum speed of 39 MPH
on the road, but this will be reduced nearby the track as you pass it.
Now turn to the 3d view and watch the world go by. As you pass the
bridge you will see a red STOP sign appearing on the middle of the
track Turn off your ZOOM, and try to stop just In front of the sign
by clicking on the DEAD STOP Icon. Now turn zoom back on and try to
locate and Identify the four nearby vehicles. Two are American and two
belong to the enemy. Go to the map screen and you'll see two enemy
flags. Now you can try a useful feature. Click on top of one of the
flags (making sure you're not moving!), go back to the 3d view and
click on the centre of the compass. You should see a correctly
Identified enemy vehicle (BMP-2) In view. Click on one of your
weapon Icons, and see if you can destroy the BMP. Now look around
and you should be able to spot a radar station and two food dumps.
See how many missiles it takes to destroy the radar station.

Now it's time to get your other Units moving. The aim of this
training scenario Is to get you used to controlling all four units
together. The Idea Is to traverse the circuit - on the roads - anti-
clockwise. Each time you pass a red stop sign In the middle of the
road, then you should leave one unit behind. We'll' leave you to get
the other units on the road, and past Unit 1. You'll notice that none
of your units achieve their full road speed unless you alter their
formation to COLUMN. This is because some of the vehicles will
otherwise be off the road - so make sure that they are ail In column

When you reach the second stop-off point, leave Unit 2 behind.
Unit 2 should be able to Identify two small ammo stores, and a
communicators aerial to the north west. To the west and east there
are two units of tanks which are rather difficult to spot. Turn on your
Infra-red, and you will see why Infra rod Imaging Is so Important
for the modem tank, You will have to learn how to identify vehicles
by their thermal Image - and there's no better time to start than now.
To give you a guide, there are M113's to the east and BTR-6O's to the
west. Try to destroy the BTR's. On the map you'll see a building to
the North East. Centre your view on this and you'll see a Warehouse.
If you destroy it two BMP's will come out and very slowly come
towards you. See if you can destroy a moving tank. It won't be so
easy In battle!

NOW move Unit 3 up to the next stop off point In the North East
corner of the battlefield. You'll see a satellite dish, some hellicop-
ters, two fuel stores a group of T-62s and a group of M2 Bradleys. See
what it takes to destroy the enemy vehicles and installations. If you
go to your map view, you will also see two moving enemy flags to the
north west These are spotter vehicles. They are converted BTRs, and
move at fairy high speed. See If you can destroy them both. You'll
find that It will be easier If you use Infra red AND your laser
ranging device. BTRs are very small, even on zoom at that distance
(almost 2 kilometers!)

Now, move Unit 4 round to the final position. You will have to go
through a forest track, and so getting used to what moving through
trees feels like. Not the sort of speeds you can achieve on tracks.
See If you can keep to the track at all times. At the centre of the
forest you should try to spot and destroy a T72. At the final stop
off point look out for the vehicles and the hospital. Now, spot the
statue beside the trees on the other side of the forest track you
Just came through. Move as close to it as possible. You will see
what you are still out of the forest, and yet if you look at your
tanks on the highest lever of magnification on the map, they should
be Just Inside the area of forest. You are now In the tree line, and
this area around all forests (a concentric ring of about 75 metres)
allows you to see all of the Action, and yet provides you with
protection from being spotted by the enemy. The only proviso Is that
if you fire at an enemy vehicle, then they will probably see the
smoke from your gun barrel, which allows them a spot on you for
about 10 seconds. Make sure that you use tree lines to good effect
when you try to retake Yama Yama.

Now, it's time to see If you can use ail four units at once in
action! When the clock reaches 09:51 each of your four units will
have one set of very slowly moving enemy vehicles to destroy within
range. Try to destroy them while using the quadrant views. You will
find that there has been a smoke barrage set up obscuring the view of
Unit 4, w you will have to turn to Infra red, at least for that unit
If you can destroy most of the moving enemy tanks then you will have
'won' this training 'battle'. It means that you can now progress to
the retake of Yama Yama itself.

If you don't feel confident at this,point, why not try and repeat
your training. The action In a real battle will be far quicker. And
also the enemy will be properly armed, and that means that you are
going to be shot at as well

Good luck on Yama Yama!

Pacific Islands